Artificial Intelligence (AI) has improved productivity and efficiency in different industries, and agriculture is one of them. In agriculture AI has helped farmers get deeper insights into farming data and processes. This leads to smarter decisions, improved productivity and efficiency. Agriculture is increasingly utilizing AI to monitor soil health, crop health, pest and weed and labor in farms.
Productivity in agriculture can greatly vary between farms or within the same farms due to different variable factors involved. To mitigate this variability, precision agriculture combines remote sensing and AI in order to achieve uniform productivity. A Berlin startup called Plantix uses AI to identify pest, nutrition deficiencies and other factors that lead to crop loss. Plantix ensures that the farmers get the right diagnosis and recommendation on crop problems. In livestock farming, AbuErdan is a USA startup that develops a poultry management system. The AbuErdan software uses AI and predictive analytics to help farmers and poultry value chain actors estimate the productivity of poultry by comparing past and present data. The software also enables breeders to establish poultry breeds that are more productive. This system also enables value chain planning and management among actors of the value chain.
Taranis helps farmers protect their crops through the use of computer vision. This digital agronomy advisory software uses AI, computer vision and data science to generate insights that help farmers make smart decision in precision agriculture for control of nutrition deficiency, diseases, pests and weeds.
Although AI promises great improvement in productivity and efficiency, there are several concerns in regard to the agricultural workforce and the ripple effect that may arise as a consequence. To ensure adoption and achievement of the right impact of AI tools in the agriculture industry, it’s important to promote efforts, skills, funding and farm trials of these technologies. AI has the potential to revolutionise agriculture, and to help feed enormous parts of the human population. As earth’s population keeps rising, the use of AI in agriculture might actually become a necessity.